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This strategy helps students to engage and interact with text and monitor comprehension as they read.
Use during reading to:
Support content-area learning by focusing on key concepts
Provide a way for students to engage in a dialogue with the author
Help students identify how they process information while reading
Help students identify what is difficult in the text so they can select and apply comprehension strategies to support their reading
Develop metacognitive awareness and ability to monitor one's own comprehension
1. Explain that this strategy helps readers monitor their reading so they can identify what they do or don’t understand.
2. Choose 2–3 codes that support the purpose of the reading and reinforce targeted literacy habits and skills.
3. Model the strategy, using an overhead or whiteboard. Do a Think-Aloud while marking the codes so students witness the metacognitive process.
4. Guide the students to apply the coding strategy. Review the codes and have students code their reactions as they read on the page margins, lined paper inserts, or sticky notes.
+ New information
I know this information
? I don't understand/I have questions
X I disagree
Have students compare and discuss how they coded sections of the text.
After students are comfortable with coding using teacher-provided codes, encourage them to develop additional codes appropriate to the purpose for reading a particular text.
Coding/Comprehension Monitoring Template
Insert this sheet in your book behind the reading assignment. As you read each page, write the page number at the top of the column. Then place the code directly across from the part of the text you are coding. Each time you read a new page, pull out this sheet to the corresponding next page and add your codes.
Select 2–3 of the following codes to monitor your comprehension as you read the assignment.
+ = New information
? = I don’t understand/I have questions
P = Problem
S = Solution
= I know this information
C = Connection
X = I thought differently
Use the codes assigned by your teacher for this assignment
help on how to format text
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